Facial Expression Research, Education Projects and Published Papers

DI4D Facial Expression Research, Education Projects and Published Papers

Select case studies and published papers we have featured in since 2008.

University of Glasgow Video Case Study

“Our work on dynamic facial expression signals has been published in numerous high impact journals and featured in many high profile public forums.”

Dr Rachael E. Jack, Institute of Neuroscience & Psychology, University of Glasgow

Glasgow Dental Hospital & School Video Case Study

“The DI4D PRO System has been crucial in showing how beneficial 4D imaging can be in the analysis of the oro-facial region.”

Professor Ashraf F. Ayoub, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Dental Hospital & School

University of Edinburgh School of Informatics Case Study

“Only this DI4D Custom Solution could acquire the very high frame rate of 3D data we needed.”

Professor Robert B. Fisher, Chair in Computer Vision, University of Edinburgh School of Informatics

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Published Paper - Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery - January 2017

Our DI4D PRO System was featured in a published paper in the Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery:

Dynamic facial asymmetry in patients with repaired cleft lip using 4D imaging (video stereophotogrammetry)
Hallac, Rami R. et al.
Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Volume 45, Issue 1, 8-12

Image Copyright©2016 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery

UT SOUTHWESTERN MEDICAL CENTER CASE STUDY

“We looked at other systems, however, the DI4D PRO System was the one which best suited our needs.”

Dr James Seaward, Assistant Professor - Pediatric Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery, UT Southwestern Medical Center

CHENG ET AL

"Statistical Non-rigid ICP Algorithm and its Application to 3D Face Alignment"

Image and Vision Computing, November 2016

JENI ET AL

"The First 3D Face Alignment in the Wild (3DFAW) Challenge"

Computer Vision - European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV) Workshops, October 2016

LTZ ET AL

"Caricature generalization benefits for faces learned with enhanced idiosyncratic shape or texture"

Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, October 2016

NÁDAŽDYOVÁ ET AL

“The impact of body mass index on craniofacial parameters”

Kontakt, October 2016

JACK ET AL

"Four not six: Revealing culturally common facial expressions of emotion"

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, June 2016

ALMUKHTAR ET AL

“State-of-the-art three-dimensional analysis of soft tissue changes following Le Fort I maxillary advancement”

British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, June 2016

DELIS ET AL

"Space-by-time manifold representation of dynamic facial expressions for emotion categorization"

Journal of Vision, June 2016

JENI ET AL

“Dense 3D face alignment from 2D video for real-time use”

Image and Vision Computing, May 2016

De Sainte Croix ET AL

"Three-dimensional imaging of human cutaneous forearm bite marks in human volunteers over a 4 day period"

Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, May 2016

LTZ ET AL

"Dominance of texture over shape in facial identity processing is modulated by individual abilities"

British Journal of Psychology, May 2016

CHEUNG MY ET AL

"The Accuracy of Conformation of a Generic Surface Mesh for the Analysis of Facial Soft Tissue Changes"

PLOS ONE, April 2016

MÜLLER-BARDORFF ET AL

"Effects of emotional intensity under perceptual load: an event-related potentials (ERPs) study"

Biological Psychology, March 2016

CAPLE ET AL

"A standardized nomenclature for craniofacial and facial anthropometry"

International Journal of Legal Medicine, December 2015

ZHU ET AL

“A Comparison of Three Viewing Media for Assessing Dental Arch Relationships in Patients With Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate”

The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, September 2015

DANELAKIS ET AL

"A robust spatio-temporal scheme for dynamic 3D facial expression retrieval"

The Visual Computer, July 2015

AYOUB ET AL

"Reliability, Validity and Clinical Application of 4D Stereo Imaging for the Analysis of Facial Expressions" - Program No. 2161

10th European Craniofacial Congress, June 2015

JU ET AL

"4D Imaging Analysis of Dynamic Facial Expressions" - Program No. 2163

10th European Craniofacial Congress, June 2015

AYOUB ET AL

"The Impact of Orthognathic Surgery on Facial Expressions; a 4D Imaging Based Analysis" - Program No. 3533

10th European Craniofacial Congress, June 2015

AL-HIYALI ET AL

"The Impact of Orthognathic Surgery on Facial Expressions"

Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, May 2015

SEAWARD ET AL

"Dynamic Facial Asymmetry in Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate - What 4D Video Stereophotogrammetry Can Tell Us About Motion of the Repaired Lip"

Plastic Surgery Research Council (PSRC) 60th Annual Meeting, May 2015

VALSTAR ET AL

"FERA 2015 - Second Facial Expression Recognition and Analysis Challenge"

11th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face & Gesture Recognition, May 2015

XUE ET AL

"Automatic 4D Facial Expression Recognition Using DCT Features"

Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), 2015 IEEE Winter Conference

RICHOZ ET AL

“Reconstructing Dynamic Mental Models of Facial Expressions in Prosopagnosia Reveals Distinct Representations for Identity and Expression”

Cortex, December 2014

BOWMAN ET AL

“Anatomical curve identification”

Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, December 2014

CATHERWOOD ET AL

"3D stereophotogrammetry: post-processing and surface integration"

The Imaging Science Journal, November 2014

JEFFREY M. GIRARD

"Perceptions of Interpersonal Behavior are Influenced by Gender, Facial Expression Intensity, and Head Pose"

The 16th International Conference on Multimodal Interaction (ICMI), November 2014

ZHANG ET AL

"BP4D-Spontaneous: a high-resolution spontaneous 3D dynamic facial expression database"

Image and Vision Computing, October 2014

JU ET AL

“Evaluation of the Reproducibility of Nonverbal Facial Expressions Using a 3D Motion Capture System”

The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, October 2014

ALASHKAR ET AL

"A 3D Dynamic Database for Unconstrained Face Recognition"

5th International Conference and Exhibition on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, October 2014

SHQAIDEF ET AL

“How accurate are rapid prototyped (RP) final orthognathic surgical wafers? A pilot study”

British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, September 2014

METZLER ET AL

"Validity of the 3D VECTRA photogrammetric surface imaging system for cranio-maxillofacial anthropometric measurements"

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, September 2014

GUEVARA-ROJAS ET AL

"Patient specific Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) facial implants in a computer-aided planning workflow"

Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, September 2014

KOOK ET AL

"A comparison study of different facial soft tissue analysis methods"

Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, July 2014

BELL ET AL

"Three-Dimensional Assessment of Facial Appearance Following Surgical Repair of Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate"

The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, July 2014

YU ET AL

“A framework for automatic and perceptually valid facial expression generation”

Multimedia Tools & Applications, June 2014

PALOUSEK ET AL

"Pilot study of the wrist orthosis design process"

Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 20 Iss: 1, 2014

ARTOPOULOS ET AL

Comparison of the accuracy of digital stereophotogrammetry and projection moiré profilometry for three-dimensional imaging of the face"

International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, May 2014

GILL ET AL

“Facial Movements Strategically Camouflage Involuntary Social Signals of Face Morphology”

Psychological Science, May 2014

GALANTUCCI ET AL

"New method to calibrate and validate a high-resolution 3D scanner, based on photogrammetry"

Precision Engineering, April 2014

TZOU ET AL

"Comparison of three-dimensional surface-imaging systems"

Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, April 2014

ALTORKAT ET AL

“Immediate effects of rapid maxillary expansion on the naso-maxillary facial soft tissue using 3D stereophotogrammetry”

The Surgeon, April 2014

SHORT ET AL

“Validation of a computer modelled forensic facial reconstruction technique using CT data from live subjects: A pilot study”

Forensic Science International, April 2014

DANELAKIS ET AL

"A survey on facial expression recognition in 3D video sequences"

Multimedia Tools and Applications, February 2014

JACK ET AL

“Dynamic Facial Expressions of Emotion Transmit an Evolving Hierarchy of Signals over Time”

Current Biology, January 2014

HENSELER ET AL

“The importance of the pose in three-dimensional imaging of the ptotic breast”

Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, November 2013

SHUJAAT ET AL

“The clinical application of three-dimensional motion capture (4D): a novel approach to quantify the dynamics of facial animations”

International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, October 2013

WIESE ET AL

"Ageing faces in ageing minds: A review on the own-age bias in face recognition"

Visual Cognition, August 2013

NAUDI ET AL

“The virtual human face: Superimposing the simultaneously captured 3D photorealistic skin surface of the face on the untextured skin image of the CBCT scan"

International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, March 2013

AL-ANEZI ET AL

“A new method for automatic tracking of facial landmarks in 3D motion captured images (4D)”

International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, January 2013

JACK ET AL

"Reply to Sauter and Eisner: Differences outweigh commonalities in the communication of emotions across human cultures"

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, January 2013

HENSELER ET AL

“Investigation into variation and errors of a three-dimensional breast imaging system using multiple stereo cameras”

Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, December 2012

JONES ET AL

“Signals of personality and health: The contributions of facial shape, skin texture, and viewing angle”

Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, December 2012

HENSELER ET AL

“Objective evaluation of the latissimus dorsi flap for breast reconstruction using three-dimensional imaging”

Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, September 2012

JU ET AL

"Evaluation of the Reproducibility of Non-verbal Facial Animations"

Articulated Motion and Deformable Objects, July 2012

UBAYA ET AL

"Soft tissue morphology of the naso-maxillary complex following surgical correction of maxillary hypoplasia"

International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, June 2012

YU ET AL

“Perception-driven facial expression synthesis”

Computers & Graphics, May 2012

NELSON ET AL

“Psychological morbidity and facial volume in HIV lipodystrophy: Quantification of treatment outcome”

Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, April 2012

JACK ET AL

“Facial expressions of emotion are not culturally universal “

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, March 2012

HYUN PARK ET AL

"Correlation between Direct Anthropometry and DI3D Camera System"

Journal of Hard Tissue Biology, March 2012

DATTA ET AL

“Facial Feature Extraction Using a 4D Stereo Camera System”

Soft Computing Techniques in Vision Science, February 2012

CATHERWOOD ET AL

“Validation of a passive stereophotogrammetry system for imaging of the breast: A geometric analysis”

Medical Engineering & Physics, October 2011

JOHNSTON ET AL

"Lip Contour Identification in Texture Data of 3D Face Mesh Sequences"

Irish Machine Vision and Image Processing Conference (IMVIP), September 2011

AYOUB ET AL

"Three-Dimensional Assessment of Early Surgical Outcome in Repaired Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: Part 1. Nasal Changes"

The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, September 2011

HAMMOND ET AL

"Fine-grained facial phenotype–genotype analysis in Wolf–Hirschhorn syndrome"

European Journal of Human Genetics, July 2011

FOURIE ET AL

“Evaluation of anthropometric accuracy and reliability using different three-dimensional scanning systems”

Forensic Science International, April 2011

LI ET AL

"Depth Data Improves Skin Lesion Segmentation"

Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2009

DOWNIE ET AL

"A double-blind, clinical evaluation of facial augmentation treatments: a comparison of PRI 1, PRI 2, Zyplast® and Perlane®"

Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, December 2009

POPAT ET AL

"Quantitative analysis of facial movement - A review of three-dimensional imaging techniques"

Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics, July 2009

POPAT ET AL

"Three-dimensional motion analysis – an exploratory study. Part 2: Reproducibility of facial movement"

Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research, November 2008

COSKER ET AL

"Towards automatic performance-driven animation between multiple types of facial model"

IET Computer Vision, September 2008

WINDER ET AL

"Technical validation of the DI3D stereophotogrammetry surface imaging system"

British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, January 2008

KHAMBAY ET AL

"Validation and reproducibility of a high-resolution three-dimensional facial imaging system"

British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, January 2008

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